Social interaction in autism
Autism is undoubtedly one of the most painful problems ever to encounter a family. The birth of a child is usually the joyous and most expectant of moments – unless the baby fails to inculcate the usual behaviors that will attach him or her to the world. In autism, there is no social smile, no need to cuddle or be held, a seeming disinterest in human interaction , and a failure to acknowledge caregivers. It seems as if the baby is in a world of its own, so unresponsive that you wonder if it has been born deaf.
Children with autism exhibit severe and sustained developmental impairments that start shortly after birth and remain profoundly disabling throughout life. The child is disinterested in social interactions, indifferent to human warmth and affection, and rarely takes notice of other children. He is unable to form peer relationships, seldom engages in play with children, and prefers solitary games that involve other people only to the extent they serve as a tool or aid. Older individuals with autism may come to have more interest in social interaction, but they lack interpersonal understanding and have difficulty respecting other people’s boundaries.
A person with Autism is ultra-sensitive and resistant to surrounding changes and will insist that things be done repetitively following just exactly the same routine day after day for an entire lifetime. He eats only a few select foods made and served in a particular way at a particular time on a particular dish. He becomes angry if any difference occurs from the usual pattern.
Do not assume that your child may have autism if any of the normal developmental skills such as smiling, walking, talking or interacting with peers take a bit longer than usual. Most kids will catch up and subsequently do just fine. It is also not uncommon for normal children to become transiently fixated on one or two things, such as eating from the same bowl. Furthermore, some children are just not by nature very affectionate and cuddly. This does not mean that they have autism. Autism describes really marked delays in developmental milestones united with intense behavioral oddities and a lack of communication skills. Social interaction in autism is so impaired that the child lacks any substantial interest or pleasure in relationships with others. The recurring behavior patterns occur over and over and for a lifetime, almost to the exclusion of all other things.
Unfortunately, there are no healing available that will predictably bring a child with autism out of his shell. Treatments tend to focus on reducing the harmful behaviors and educational efforts promoting learning and language development so that the child can function to the best of his abilities . Because of the wide individual diversity in autism, special educational opportunities must be specifically tailored to each child’s strengths and weaknesses. A predictable schedule enhances the child’s feeling of control.