Dental Care Center

Monthly Archive: January 2017

Dementia Causes Symptoms & Management Methods

Dementia Causes Symptoms & Management Methods
Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe a set of specific and general symptoms which include a progressive mental decline of cognitive functioning that impacts a person’s normal daily is not classified as a disease, per se,but rather as a syndrome which includes characteristic signs and symptoms. These signs also include actual physical deterioration of the brain which leads to the cognitive deterioration, as well as reduced physical mobility.
There are many different types of dementia for which they mostly fall under two categories: primary dementia and secondary dementia.Primary dementia does not result from any other disease.Secondary dementia is caused by another disease or illness which also leads to dementia like two most common forms of dementia are Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) with 60-percent of all dementia cases, and Vascular Dementia which accounts for 20-percent.
Causes of Dementia
There are many different causes of dementia, which often result because of external or internal damage or changes to the most common causes of dementia include:
>> Diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and strokes.
>> Diseases that affect blood flow and circulation (vascular disease)
>> Excessive consumption of drugs and alcohol
>> Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency
>> Infections such as AIDS, or Creutzfeld Jacob’s disease
>> Infections to other organs
>> Head injuries and trauma
>> Thyroid problems, hypoglycemia.
>> Bleeding on the brain, or fluid accumulation on the brain
>> Poisoning
>> Inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain
>> High cholesterol and atherosclerosis (clogged arteries)
Symptoms of Dementia
Recognition of symptoms early on can lead to better management of dementia and improve the general quality of life for the of the most common signs and symptoms of dementia are:
>> Memory loss and memory confusion
>> Feeling of disorientation
>> Reduced ability to communicate
>> Inability to think in specific terms
>> Confusion or inability to perform familiar tasks
>> Mood and behavioral changes
>> Confusion over the location of personal items and familiar places
>> Decrease in personal initiative
>> Personality changes.
Management of Dementia
Unfortunately, there is no cure for primary dementia and Alzheimer’s disease which can only be managed with palliative care which brings some relief of symptoms. Management for dementia falls under three main categories: pharmacotherapy,nonpharmacological therapy, and improved caregiver services.
Pharmacotherapy:
Treatment for dementia with the use of drugs and medication is aimed at three categories of symptoms,to improve brain functioning and cognition,to treat behavioral symptoms, and for pain management.Although dementia is not reversible, doctors will look at whether or not the decline in mental functioning is the result of other conditions which are treatable. This could include conditions such as: deficiency in vitamin B and folic acid, decreased supply of oxygen, thyroid problems, infections, anemia,depression and heart conditions.
When these conditions are not present, and the onset of symptoms is due to primary dementia,the doctor may prescribed medication that is FDA approved for dementia and Alzheimer’s, and/or medication that is prescribed “off-label” to treat dementia,and dementia related secondary symptoms.
Four medicines classified as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors have been approved by the FDA for dementia by Alzheimer’s and include: Tacrine (Cognex??), donepezil (Aricept??), galantamine (Razadyne??), and rivastigmine (Exelon??).In clinical studies, donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine have been shown to mildly slow the rate of cognitive decline and improve activities of daily living (ADLs) and behavior in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer disease for a period of 6-18 months.
Of these four acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, donepezil is the most prescribed and has shown to be the most effective but side-effects occur in approximately 17 percent of patients with the 5-10mg dosages. Donepezil is expected to delay the onset of AD for about one year in people suffering from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Rivastigmine was also effective but side-effects occurred in approximately 50 percent of patients for the 6-12mg dosages, with 25 percent needing to be taken off the drug. It is also approved for Parkinson’s disease dementia by the FDA.
Memantine (Namenda) is a drug of a different class and works best in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer’s. However, the addition of memantine to the above mentioned acetylcholinesterase inhibitors being given to mild to moderate alzheimer’s patients was no more effective than placebo.
Depression, agitation, paranoia, and anxiety are common symptoms associated with dementia and Alzheimer’s. Doctors may prescribe anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medication as well as anti-psychotics.
Dementia patients have many of the same physical ailments as non-dementia seniors to include chronic, persistent pain. Approximately 25 to 50 percent of seniors experience chronic pain so it must be reasoned that statistics for dementia patients must be similar. Chronic pain can contribute to depression, aggression, and poor cognition and should not be overlooked in dementia patients.
Therapy and Caregiver Services
Nonpharmalogical therapy methods may be directed for dementia patients through music therapy (for mental stimulation), behavioral therapy (for depression), and psychomotor therapy (for agitation). Other mental stimulation therapies may include: simple games, picture observation, reading to patients, and other techniques. Physical exercise also benefits patients. Trained caregivers may initiate and participate in stimulation therapies. Having empathetic, attentive caregivers well trained in addressing the wants and needs of dementia patients is an important part of the overall treatment regimen for dementia patients. Advice, tips, and information for better caregiving for dementia patients may be found online.

Three Natural Head Lice Treatments That Are Safe For Children

Natural head lice treatments are safe alternatives to treatments that contain toxic chemicals like lindane, permethrin, and malathion. Lindane has been banned in over 50 countries, and can no longer be used in the US on pets and livestock. But it’s still legal to use it on children’s heads in lice shampoo. What’s wrong with this picture?

In order to get rid of these little pests, there are three steps. Kill the nasty little things, get rid of the nits, or eggs, and wash towels, combs, brushes, hair ties, and barettes in hot soapy water to kill any fugitives who are hiding out. Remember to repeat the treatments every week to ten days to kill any newly-hatched babies.

1. Nit Comb

A fine-toothed comb is the best way to get rid of unwanted passengers on your child’s head. Wet the hair down good with vinegar, and let it soak in for a couple of hours. It helps to cover the head with a shower cap. The nits glue themselves to the hair shaft, and vinegar helps to dissolve this glue.

Combing the hair out takes a while, so let your child watch a dvd to keep him or her occupied. Use a strong light, and comb through the hair, removing nits and lice as they’re found. Pay special attention to behind the ears, and on the nape of the neck.

2. Mayonnaise Lice Treatment

It’s said that mayonnaise will smother lice. Just take a blob of mayonnaise right from the jar, and spread it on the hair, starting at the roots and working out to the ends. Cover the head with a shower cap and let sit anywhere from ten minutes to two hours. Some people leave it in overnight, but since a plastic shower cap is a suffocation hazard, avoid doing this with small children.

Wash the mayonnaise out, and comb the hair with a fine-toothed comb to remove dead lice and nits. It may be necessary to use a dish soap like Dawn to get it out.

3. Tea Tree Oil For Head Lice

Try mixing tea tree oil and olive oil, about half and half. Tea tree oil by itself may irritate the scalp. Apply this oil mixture to the hair, and then use the lice comb to remove the dead lice. To keep the little bugs from returning, add a few drops of tea tree oil to your favorite shampoo.

Make a hair spritzer by mixing a spoonful of tea tree oil with a quart of water in a spray bottle. Spray the hair weekly with this mixture to prevent the unwanted guests from moving back in.

These treatments contain no harmful pesticides. With a little extra time and effort, it’s possible to get rid of head lice without exposing your kids to dangerous chemicals.

Why People May Need Emergency Dental Services

People sometimes think that emergency dental services are for people that get a toothache in the middle of the night. While this does happen, there are potentially dozens of other situations that can occur in which someone might need to see a dentist quickly. Some of these involve accidents or mishaps while others are more or less unexpected occurrences.

Tooth is hit by something

Teeth can be knocked out or partially knocked out when they make contact with something. This can be an attack like a mugging or from an auto accident. There are cases when people trip on the carpet at home and hit their teeth with something. Sports accidents like being hit with a baseball bat or running into a wall when playing basketball are common. An animal like a horse can move suddenly, kick or eject a rider. Everyday, people have teeth come out completely or are partially knocked out by some unexpected event.

When this happens, people will want to handle the tooth by the portion that would normally be seen in the mouth and not the root. These teeth can often be replaced back into the mouth but handling them correctly and quickly is often key to success. Patients will want to put the tooth in some milk or water with a dash of salt in it and get to the dentist as soon as possible.

Toothaches and abscesses

Toothaches and abscesses are common causes of severe dental pain. Many times a tooth will show an abscess at the gum area in the form of a pimple but often there is no outward sign. Toothaches can come about as a result of an infected pulp in the tooth from decay but also from cracked teeth. These are not always things that are caught on dental exams, as many cracks in teeth are more or less invisible until something happens to worsen them.
In these cases, people that can take an over the counter pain killer like aspirin may want to do so but will also want to see their dentist as soon as possible. Most offices will get the patient in the same day to get some kind of treatment started to get the patient out of pain.

Lost fillings or crowns or broken appliances

Fillings can fall out and crowns can come off. Sometimes these are not necessarily painful but other times these are. People will want to get into the office as soon as possible to prevent any pain but also to prevent other damage to teeth because of these issues.

People can also break any kind of dental appliance. This includes full dentures, partial dentures or wires on braces. Instead of attempting any kind of home repair, it is a better idea to make an appointment to see the dentist.

Cerebral Palsy is a Real Threat For Your Child’s Life

Cerebral palsy represents a group of chronic disorders that affect the nerves responsible for controlling the body’s muscles. This condition will cause problems from the first years of life and will continue limiting life’s experiences for the affected individual as the years pass by. A child suffering from cerebral palsy will not only have trouble walking and maintaining stability, but will face difficult challenges in making friends and learn certain things important in life.

Cerebral palsy symptoms are actually delays in normal child development. These include:
These symptoms are often noticed by the parents and not a medical professional. The child’s muscles can be too stiff or too floppy to allow him to reach the normal stages of development at the same as other children do. The doctor has to ensure the baby is getting constant levels of oxygen through the umbilical cord. If a part of the baby’s brain doesn’t receive oxygen, the muscles controlled by that part of the brain will not function properly, situation that may lead to birth injuries.

Birth injuries caused by human error are rare, but they do exist and parents of the affected children can get help.

If your child was the victim of human error that lead to birth injuries, you may be entitled to receive considerable amounts of money as compensation to cover all the damages produced by the negligent side and offer your child the best possible base to start his life. Cerebral palsy can have life-long effects that will require constant medical care and quality medical equipment. Compensation is very important because it will offer the affected family the financial support needed to take care of these aspects. Before taking legal actions against those responsible by filing a birth injury lawsuit, it is highly recommended to consult an experienced lawyer specialized in these types of cases for a free review. A review of your case is very important because it will determine whether or not your child was the victim of human error or not. Cerebral palsy is a very serious condition that will affect the entire life of your child. Only with proper assistance will your child be able to have a life closer to normal.

Head Lice In Children – Is The Cure Worse Than The Problem?

Head lice in children is a dilemma than can turn a parent’s life upside down. But sometimes the cure is worse than the problem. Unfortunately, many parents are not aware that some lice treatments can be more dangerous for their children than the bugs themselves.

Many Head Lice Treatments Contain Lindane, Permethrin, And Malathion

Between January 2005 and October 2010, the Food and Drug Administration received around 200 reports of adverse reactions to treatments containing these chemicals. In fact, lindane has been banned by the EPA for use on livestock and pets in the US. However, the FDA still okays its use in products for children, even though lindane use has been implicated in cancer, neurological problems, and even several deaths.

Permethrin and malathion aren’t exactly safe either. These chemicals have been associated with weakness and tingling in the arms and legs, childhood cancers, seizures, and behavior problems. Sometimes these problems may not show up until months later, which can make it hard to link them with the pesticides.

Many parents are finding that these pesticides aren’t as effective against the little creepy crawlies any more. Desperate to get rid of the problem, some parents repeat treatments too often, increasing their kids’ exposure to these toxic chemicals, and upping the chances of an adverse reaction.

Is There A Good Solution?

There are several safe solutions, but none of them are particularly easy. The use of tea tree oil for head lice is a well-known herbal remedy. Some parents have found great success getting rid of these parasites by using Naughty Nits, a combo of products that contains several essential oils, including tea tree, rosemary, lavender, and neem.

Head lice combs are also recommended. The University of Nebraska has a great page on Managing Head Lice Safely . Scroll down the page to find an article explaining exactly how to use one of these combs to remove lice. This method of removing lice and their eggs is tedious and time-consuming, but it’s much safer than using dangerous chemicals on children. An electric lice comb can make the job much easier.

Don’t be tempted to take the easy route when dealing with a head lice infestation. Natural remedies and fine-toothed combs are a much safer way to get rid of these critters, especially on kids. Keep in mind that these annoying little creatures are definitely a nuisance, but they’re not life-threatening. The same can’t always be said about the products used to get rid of them.